The earliest evidences of human existence are found in Africa, which is why this continent has been termed the “cradle of civilization.”
Popularly known as the “dark continent”, the African continent is famous for its wildlife and rich natural resources. It is the second-largest and the second-most populous continent in the world. This bio-diverse land is home to the largest waterfall, desert, and green canyon in the world.
Africa covers a total land area of almost 30.2 million square miles. That’s more than one-fifth of the world’s land area. Over one billion people inhabit it, making it sustain 14.72% of the entire world’s population. Over 2,000 languages are spoken here (according to UNESCO), and you’d be hard pressed to find a more ethnically diverse land. Some of the major language-groups are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Koshian. There are discrepancies regarding the religious make-up, although the Encyclopedia Britannica says that there are 45% Christians and 40% Muslims. The per capita GDP ranges from $300 (Burundi) to $36,600 (Equatorial Guinea).
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